A young/prime adult, according to Erik Erikson's stages of human development, is generally a person aging from 20 to 40. Young/prime adulthood can be considered the healthiest time of life' and young adults are generally in good health, subject neither to disease nor the problems of senescence. Biological function and physical performance reach their peak from 20–35 years of age.
Young Adulthood Stages of Development
Physical development for the young adult typically sees one in the best physical condition: strong, sharp senses, and stamina. Memory and thinking (cognitive) abilities are at their highest.
The social development and personality development for the young adult can be identified with a desire to be socially independent and with a high ambition to succeed and can include occupation selection, selecting a life-partner, starting a family, accepting responsibilities, and social networking. (Nevid & Rathus, 2005)
Middle age is the period of age beyond young adulthood but before the onset of old age. usually considered to occur approximately between the ages of 40 and 60. Middle-aged adults often show visible signs of aging such as loss of skin elasticity and graying of the hair. Physical fitness usually wanes, with a 5–10 kg (10-20 lb) accumulation of body fat, reduction in aerobic performance and a decrease in maximal heart rate. Strength and flexibility also decrease throughout middle age. However, people age at different rates and there can be significant differences between individuals of the same age. Both male and female fertility declines with advancing age.
Middle Adulthood Stages of Development
The physical development in middle adulthood can be accompanied a loss of strength, vision sharpness, strength, and coordination. Cognitive development during middle adulthood generally shows an average memory loss and a reduced ability to perform tasks requiring speed. The social and personality development during middle adulthood is considered by some to be synonymous with "mid-life crisis" which heralds the reevaluation of one's life goals and accomplishments and can spur positive changes, not just the negative changes generally associated with mid-life crisis and greater psychological health. (Nevid & Rathus, 2005)
. Old age can cause, amongst other things:
Wrinkles and liver spots on the skin due to loss of subcutaneous fat
Change of hair color to gray or white
Reduced circulatory system function and blood flow
Reduced lung capacity
Reduced immune system function
Changes in the vocal cords that produce the typical "old person" voice
Lessened and weakened hearing. Of individuals 75 and older, 48% of men and 37% of women encounter difficulties in hearing. Of the 26.7 million people over age 50 with a hearing impairment, only one in seven, a meager 14 percent, use a hearing aid
Diminished, and decline in eyesight. It becomes more difficult to read in low lighting and in smaller print. Speed with which an individual reads may also be impaired.
Reduced mental/cognitive ability.
Lessening or cessation of sex, sometimes because of physical symptoms such as erectile dysfunction in men, but often simply a decline inlibido also known as sex drive.
Greater susceptibility to bone and joint diseases such as osteoarthritis and osteoperosis
Memory Loss is common due to the decrease in speed of information being encoded, stored, and received. It may take more time to learn new information.
Alzheimer's disease, the most common form of dementia, is found in old age. It is a general term for memory loss and other intellectual abilities serious enough to interfere with daily life. Alzheimer's disease accounts for 50 to 80 percent of dementia cases.
According to Erik Erikson’s "Eight Stages of Life" theory, the human personality is developed in a series of eight stages that take place from the time of birth and continue on throughout an individual’s complete life. He characterises old age as a period of "Integrity vs. Despair", during which a person focuses on reflecting back on their life. Those who are unsuccessful during this phase will feel that their life has been wasted and will experience many regrets
Assistance and Care
According to the Journal "Demography", there is a rise in the elderly living alone if not with a spouse. Individuals 75 and older have decreased in amount needing help taking care of themselves. Many new assistive devices made especially for the home have contributed greatly to this. Some examples of devices are a shower seat (making it so the person does not get tired in the shower and fall), a bed cane (offering support to those with unsteadiness getting in and out of bed), and an ADL cuff (used with eating utensils for people with paralysis or hand weakness).
However around 25% of individuals 85 and older say that they need help with their activities of daily living. There are many options for long term care to those who require it. There is home based care where a family member, volunteer, or trained professional will aid the person in need and help with daily activities. Another option is community services which can provide the person with transportation, meal plans, or activities in senior centers. A third option is assisted living where 24 hour round the clock supervision is given with aid in eating, bathing, dressing, etc. A final option is a nursing home which provides professional nursing care.
Late Adulthood Stages of Development
Late adulthood can be marked by menopause and osteoporosis, a reduction in bone density, grey hair, less skin elasticity, and a loss of muscle mass resulting in an increase of body fat. Cognitively, during late adulthood verbal skills such as vocabulary and broad-spectrum knowledge are retained, but memory and mobility tends to decrease. Social and personality development can be affected by many variables during late adulthood: individuals in late adulthood may experience depression that may go untreated, and an individual in late adulthood may experience a period of readjustment to changes in their body, retirement, financial status change, and loss of a spouse. (Nevid & Rathus, 2005)
In high school, you may encounter that one of the student you might know were being bullied or underestimated. In college, you might see one girl or boy who is really a super down to earth or very polite or too nice. In work you might know a person you gives his/her best shot to do a certain thing. These people, we sometimes see them as a weak person and those are the fragile people.
They seem to be weak and people use them for their own good. These people are the person who doesn't know how to say no. They are called the fragile person. If you have a friend who is fragile, you have this feeling that you don't want to leave this person alone... Well yeah sometimes we were having fun with their silliness but there are times that we can't help it but not to leave this person alone. You might think that this person cannot protect itself. Wrong...
Let's take a glass statue as an example; You might have a figurine which is expensive and it is fragile of course. Once you broke it and one wrong movement you'll find yourself wounded right? Now I'll give you an example which happens to us; Joseph here has a girlfriend, Alice, who is fragile. Alice is a polite person, you might say a pure girl. Their relationship only last for one month, Joseph said that he cannot take the attitude of Alice (to be frank, I hate this kind of boy who never keeps his promise, he just played the girl's feelings and entering in a relationship means that you will accept and understand the attitude and everything about your lover.). So he ask Alice to make a move to break up with him. At first of course Alice doesn't want that to happen. But Alice said to herself that she have to let of him so he broke up with him. Now all of the other people got mad at Joseph because of the happening and his image to the class became bad. Joseph can only argue the issue with Alice but not with the people who said something bad to him.
So that's what I mean. Do not underestimate the fragile person because in the end, you will find yourself into trouble.
Somehow, I realize that the person’s weakness could become or it the person’s strength as well. Sometimes, I’m still wondering why that is. Hm…. Well my weakness is _______________ and everybody at the school knows about it. But sometimes; I tend to have courage to myself when ___________ or ___________. (So sorry about the spoilers :P)
In a person’s life, everyone has a weak spot, you might say still someone doesn’t have a weak spot. It’s only because you haven’t realize it yet. For example, the greatest weak spot of a person, weather he/she is a bad or good person, the person’s weak spot is the person’s heart. It’s too fragile; it absorbs too much pain and sufferings every time. Losing your best friend, pet, family, friends, and whatsoever are the sources of the person’s weak spot. A person’s feelings towards the other person give them strength in time of need, no I’m wrong, every time they we’re given strength by the person they cherish.
Have a nice day :D
A small respect is already a treasure to all people like saying hello, good morning, good afternoon, good evening, how are you?, thank you, and more. What will people think to you if you’re a respectful person? They will respect you in return for sure. I’ve been asking this to myself, why are the others forget to respect the other people? Not just the other people but also their selves. People forgot to respect the elderly, the teachers, workers, friends, their parents, and their self.
How come that a person wasn’t respecting their selves? I got a question to you, did you cheat for some reason, tried to commit suicide, think some negative things about yourself, or maybe hurting yourself? This thing that you have done to yourself is a form is disrespecting yourself. Taking a good care to yourself and respecting your life mean you are also respecting God because he made us with all of his heart. Please don’t yell and talk back to your parents, give them respect, we have to thank them because they didn’t disrespect us at the first place, they let us to live here in this world. Give them a little respect and that respect would become a big love for them. Just keep your temper against them and forgive them at once as they forgive you as well. Respect your friends, if they have a problem ask them what happen and tell you might able to help them, if they don’t want to tell it then don’t force them. Don’t over tease your friends as well, everyone have their limitation. These things are some way to respect your friends. Don’t judge others by their looks, traits, social status, economic status, and whatsoever. Don’t insult other people. At teachers and workers, a little respect is fine to them because they are giving all of their best to serve us.
Do you know yourself well? Do your friends know you well? Do your parents know you well? Maybe yes but not at all though. For some reason, nobody really knows who you are. You know all of your secrets your likes and your hobby but do you know your own values and traits? Not all of your traits can be identified by yourself. Your friends know you because of your usual moves, the way you speak, the emotions you might do, and some of your secrets but do they know the real you? Have they seen the dark side of your personality? Do they know the bad things you’ve done from the past? And the answer is no, not at all. Like they said, “If you’re a true and good friend, you don’t have to learn and to know everything about your friend cause like yourself, they have difficulties.” Well that’s what I heard and that could be true. Your friends know your traits, they could reveal the real you because they could see the real you who you don’t know, got it? How about your family? They know the secrets or some funny things you’ve done during your childhood. They knew the things you want and you hobby. I guess not all of it right? Well now, do they know about your first crush? Do they know all of your grades at school? Do they know what are you doing after work? Do they know all of your problems? I myself cannot tell them my problems so I add it. You see, nobody really knows who are we, the real us. Have you asked yourself, who am I for real? Nobody knows who we really are. If you believe to God, he is the one who knows us well.